Who Is In Charge

More work for another day

A number of interesting education bills were on legislative floor calendars Monday, but most were laid over for later consideration.

Colorado CapitolAmong the delayed were the bill on charter school access to vacant district buildings (House Bill 11-1055), the measure increasing the state stipend for some private college students (House Bill 11-1168) and the mandatory physical activity bill (House Bill 11-1069).

The Senate actually started preliminary debate on HB 11-1069, the discussion turning out to be a reprise by Senate Education Committee members of what they’d already talked about during the committee hearing.

But, the debate dragged in, wandering into gender differences and joking about why girls perform better in school than boys. Senate Majority Leader John Morse, D-Colorado Springs, finally interrupted the fun, saying, “Amendments are flying around and whatnot, so I’m going to lay this bill over until tomorrow.”

Later in the day the House Education Committee Monday voted 12-0 to pass an amended version of Senate Bill 11-012, the measure that would allow school districts to adopt their own policies on student carrying and self-administration of prescription drugs.

A couple of amendments were added, one of which limits students to carrying just enough medicine for one day or event.

Representatives of Colorado Association of School Nurses and the American Academy of Pediatrics testified that they still have concerns with the bill, specifically that it might mean less supervision by medical professionals of student prescription use.

Current state law lays out a detailed procedure for parents who want their students to be able to carry asthma inhalers and allergic reaction injection devices at school. The bill is intended to make things easier for parents and administrators in smaller districts who may find following the law cumbersome. The measure would allow districts to opt out of the law and create their own systems, within certain parameters.

A raft of lower profile bills did move along Monday. Here’s a rundown:

House preliminary approval

  • Senate Bill 11-061 – Streamlining of special education appeals
  • Senate Bill 11-106 – Repeal of science and technology grants board
  • Senate Bill 11-029 – Improved reporting by State Land Board
  • Senate Bill 11-101 – Continuation of fixed rate and fee program

Senate final approval

  • House Bill 11-1017 – Vacancy procedures for student and faculty advisors to Auraria board
  • House Bill 11-1060 – Staggering of UNC trustee terms

Senate preliminary approval

  • House Bill 11-1074 – Technical measure on School of Mines financial aid

Use the Education Bill Tracker for links to bill texts and status information


Hopson was the “right leader for a fragile time,” Memphians say. The city reflects on his five years at the helm of local schools

PHOTO: (Mark Weber | The Commercial Appeal)
Shelby County Schools Superintendent Dorsey Hopson talks to Manassas High School students during the We Are 901 Celebration Tour.

Dorsey Hopson recently went on a victory lap.

In late October, he and other Shelby County Schools top officials traveled around to a half dozen schools that highlighted different successes in the district under Hopson’s leadership as superintendent. The tour touted the district’s Innovation Zone program created to boost test scores, a switch to a budget system that allocates money based on student need, the transformation of a historic high school into an all-specialty program, and improved school safety.

“[When we designed this tour], we reflected on the 5 years since the de-merger,” Hopson said the day of the #WeAre901 event. “Some thought the school district wouldn’t survive that. Now, we have a lot to celebrate.”

What Hopson didn’t say then is that the event was acting as a curtain call. Just a few weeks later, Hopson announced that he is stepping down as superintendent of Tennessee’s largest school system effective Jan. 8 for a job at health care giant Cigna.

PHOTO: Laura Faith Kebede/Chalkbeat
Superintendent Dorsey Hopson speaks to reporters on the first day of school at American Way Middle School.

Hopson is leaving the district better than he found it, he told reporters in a crowded conference room on Tuesday as he announced his resignation. And there are significant milestones to back up that claim, as the district has steadied financially, gains have been made academically, and student enrollment has ticked up after years of dropping.

“Everything happens for reason,” said board member Stephanie Love. “The superintendent, he was here for a season and that season has ended. When the superintendent was named superintendent, where we are today is a whole lot better than where we were when he started.”

Hopson was named the first leader of Shelby County Schools in 2013 after the historic merger of city and county schools. His appointment followed the resignations — and accompanying $300,000 buyouts — of superintendents Kriner Cash for the city district and John Aitken for the county district. At the time, the new unified school board couldn’t agree to keep either superintendent.

With months before the start of the new school year under the unified school system, the board conducted a national search but came up empty. Several superintendent candidates were leery of the job because of all the uncertainty of the new district. Hopson, a former attorney for Memphis City Schools who was already serving as acting superintendent, was tapped for the job. Though he had served as legal counsel for districts in Memphis and Atlanta, he was the first superintendent who had not been an educator. The board approved him unanimously.

Hopson was officially in the post 5 ½ years – the average time that most big-city superintendents stay on the job. The last three superintendents before him averaged about four years, though former Memphis mayor and city school superintendent Willie Herenton held the job 12 years.

PHOTO: Ruma Kumar
Shelby County Schools Superintendent Dorsey Hopson visits classrooms and students in 2015. He led Tennessee’s largest district since 2013.

Van Turner, a Shelby County commissioner of four years, said Hopson was the “right leader for the district at a very fragile time.” The county commission is the funding body of Shelby County Schools, and Hopson had to work closely with commissioners as he took the district from a $50 million deficit to investing more than $60 million in pay raises.

“I think he was well suited for the role he played, especially in having dealt with the legal issues at the time with the historic merger and demerger,” Turner said. “Going forward, I thought he hired a good team to surround him and assist him with the district’s academic issues.”

Stabilizing the merged district financially was not a small feat – and Hopson said during his resignation speech that improving the financial footing was one of the accomplishments of which he was most proud.

“When we merged in 2013, the question was: Is school going to be open?” Hopson said. “We went from a $100 million structural deficit in two years to working with surpluses.”

While financially the district has improved, test scores still lag for Shelby County students compared to state averages. Hopson acknowledged that the district has far to go in boosting student academics.

“Our student outcomes aren’t where we want them to be and we have a lot of great principals, a lot of great teachers working to make it happen every day,” Hopson said on Tuesday. “I can walk away knowing this district is in much better shape than it was when I started, but also know that we have a long way to go.”

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
From left: Shelby County Commissioner Willie Brooks and Schools Superintendent Dorsey Hopson confer about education funding in the county’s budget in June 2016.

Yet, in one of the most notable achievements in the five years since becoming a new district, Shelby County Schools has gone from being Tennessee’s problem child to poster child when it comes to boosting test scores at schools in low-income neighborhoods.

That’s mostly because of the district’s program Innovation Zone, which started in 2012 and has absorbed about two dozen schools and turned them around by adding an extra hour to the school day, incentivizing teachers, adding more professional development, and providing non-academic resources such as clothes closets.

The iZone schools have been cheered as a more effective model for school turnaround by policymakers and researchers than that of the state-run Achievement School District, which started taking over Tennessee’s lowest-performing schools – the majority of which were in Memphis – at the time Hopson was transitioning to power. Sharon Griffin championed the iZone under Hopson, but left the district in June to lead the struggling Achievement School District.

“I deeply appreciate Superintendent Hopson for the tremendous work we accomplished during our six years together with Shelby County Schools,” Griffin said. “Under his leadership, iZone schools became a national proof point in school turnaround.”

Newly elected county Mayor Lee Harris also praised Hopson for his work in school turnaround.

“Mr. Hopson showed great leadership during the transition of the school system, a difficult and long process that was truly unique in education,” Harris said. “Furthermore, since the transition, Mr. Hopson was able to bring dozens of legacy Memphis City Schools off the state watch list and expand and modernize school choice, just to name a few of his accomplishments that directly impacted families.”

Hopson addressed during his remarks that inter-generational poverty makes the work of teaching and learning incredibly difficult – and that it takes partnerships outside of schools to get the work done. Over the years, Hopson had, at times, tenuous relationships with community partners and advocates. But most of those relationships are ending on a high note.


When the parent advocacy group Memphis Lift launched three years ago, its leaders were met with skepticism and suspicion from Shelby County Schools over perceived ties to the state-run school district. Last year, Hopson and Memphis Lift locked arms at an event as Hopson spoke of “an undeniable correlation between parental involvement and achievement.”

Tikeila Rucker, president of the United Education Association, described the group’s relationship with Hopson as positive, adding, “he has had an ear for teachers.”

Campaign for School Equity’s executive director Mendell Grinter released a statement saying, “Superintendent Hopson is the embodiment of service to home and community. We’ve admired his leadership and ability to work hard for the many students and families in our region.” His organization runs student advocacy and leadership programs in Memphis schools.

PHOTO: Caroline Bauman
Leaders of Memphis Lift take literally Superintendent Dorsey Hopson’s call to “lock arms and work together” following Hopson’s presentation to the parent advocacy group in July 2017.

As reactions pour in about Hopson’s legacy, a large focus is also already being placed on what kind of leader the Shelby County Schools board will select to replace him.

Sarah Carpenter, executive director of the Memphis Lift, said she hopes parents have a seat at the table.

“Parents should be part of the conversations about who will lead our schools next,” Carpenter said. “Too many of our kids are still trapped in failing schools and being left behind, so our next superintendent has to be willing to work with parents to do better for our kids.”

Memphis needs to hire someone who can continue and expand Hopson’s work, said Terence Patterson, leader of Memphis Education Fund, a major philanthropic contributor to education. (Memphis Education Fund supports Chalkbeat. Learn more about our funding here).

“Our organization is excited about the future direction of the district and optimistic the Board and community will select a world-class superintendent,” Patterson said. “We believe the next leader should have a keen understanding and appreciation of the greater Memphis area, experience obtaining student achievement gains for all children and a commitment to transformative learning environments that support the diversity of needs of all learners.”

Reporter Laura Faith Kebede and Bureau Chief Jacinthia Jones contributed to this report.  

Movers and shakers

Former Denver schools superintendent Tom Boasberg lands a new gig

PHOTO: RJ Sangosti/The Denver Post
Denver Superintendent Tom Boasberg, right, high-fives students, parents, and staff on the first day of school at Escalante-Biggs Academy in August.

Former Denver superintendent Tom Boasberg has been named superintendent of another organization 9,000 miles away: the Singapore American School in Southeast Asia.

Boasberg will start his new position July 1. He stepped down as superintendent of Denver Public Schools last month after nearly 10 years at the helm of the 92,000-student district. The Denver school board is in the process of choosing his successor.

Boasberg has spent significant time in Asia. After graduating from college, he taught English at a Hong Kong public school and played semi-professional basketball there. He later worked as chief of staff to the chairman of what was then Hong Kong’s largest political party.

He and his wife, Carin, met while studying in Taiwan. They now have three teenage children. In 2016, Boasberg took a six-month sabbatical to live in Argentina with his family. At the time, he said he and his wife always hoped to live overseas with their children.

“This gives us a chance as a family to go back to Asia,” Boasberg said, “and it’s something the kids are looking forward to, as well as my wife Carin and I.”

The Singapore American School is an elite non-profit school that was established in 1956 by a group of parents, according to its website. It now has more than 3,900 students in preschool through 12th grade, more than half of whom are American.

The school boasts low student-to-teacher ratios and lots of Advanced Placement classes, and sends several of its graduates to Ivy League colleges in the United States. Its facilities include a one-acre rainforest.

Boasberg notes that the school is also a leader in personalized learning, meaning that each student learns at their own pace. He called the school “wonderfully diverse” and said its students hail from more than 50 different countries. High school tuition is about $37,000 per year for students who hold a U.S. passport or whose parents do.

Leading the private Singapore American School will no doubt differ in some ways from leading a large, urban public school district. In his time as Denver superintendent, Boasberg was faced with making unpopular decisions, such as replacing low-performing schools, and the challenge of trying to close wide test score gaps between students from low-income families and students from wealthier ones.

“Denver will always be in my heart,” Boasberg said, “and we’re looking forward to this opportunity.”